What do you know about wild horses? (Part 3)

Horses live the longest and live in the highest place

These are the South African zebra and the wild hartman zebra. In fact, these are two subspecies of African zebras, but between them there are still mixed similarities.

Currently, South African zebras still have about 1,200 individuals but are often threatened by the effects of habitat loss, the development of purebred species and illegal hunting. By about 1930, South African zebras were almost extinct in the wild (only 100 individuals remained) due to the pressure of illegal hunting.

Recognizing the importance of this endangered species, the South African Government built the first nature reserve for South African zebras in 1937, and to date there are 11 nature reserves dedicated to for South African zebras. South African zebras are on CITES Appendix I and are prohibited from trade internationally.

Compared to South African zebras, wild hartman zebras are more widely distributed with habitat in the high mountains of Namibia, Angola and South Africa. It is the largest of any horse in existence.

Similar to South African zebras, wild hartman zebras usually live in small groups of 7 to 12 individuals and are very good at climbing. They usually eat grass and leaves. The only difference is that the wild hartman zebra has a larger stature than the South African zebra and the weight can reach 300 kg (some individuals reach 340kg). They are also more resistant to hot weather than South African zebras. The hartman wild zebra also has a long life span of up to 29 years and 6 months and a running speed of 65km / h.

Currently, the hartman zebra population is about 8,000 individuals and there are signs of decline. The hartman wild zebra is named after German geographer George Hartmann and belongs to CITES Appendix II (restricted international trade for commercial purposes). Both South African zebras and hartman wild zebras are banned from hunting to protect populations that are showing signs of decline.

Horses belong to the family of large ungulates, of the odd-toed, plant-eating family, consisting of three genera: horses, donkeys and zebras.

Horses have entered the human subconscious from the ancient times to the modern times not only with outstanding features, familiar with human life. Along with some other animals, horses can recognize their former owners after years of separation. Likewise, wild horses are never alienated, even though they moved years earlier. For the above-mentioned endangered and rare wild horses, it is extremely practical to appreciate and appreciate their role in the natural ecosystem.

Horses are an active link in the natural ecological balance system of organisms. For the terrestrial environment, the presence of horses and herbivores is an extremely valuable characteristic. According to many conservation experts, in the stomach of the horse there is a special micro-ecosystem. That is rumen, anaerobic symbiotic microorganisms decompose plant materials with low nutritional value, and convert into nutrients with higher nutritional value. In the wild, horses often travel very wide, from place to place, at different times of the year (to forage or avoid predators).