Horse racing is a traditional sport that has existed for a long time and is still popular in many countries to this day. So when did its history come from?
Horse racing has a long and prominent history and has been in civilizations around the world since ancient times. Archaeological records indicate that horse racing took place in ancient Greece, Babylon, Syria and Egypt. It also plays an important part of myths and legends, such as the contest between the horse of Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology.
Horse racing is one of the most popular ancient Greek, Roman and Byzantine sports. Both the carriage and the racing horse are evidence of the ancient Greek Olympic Games in 648 BC and the Panhellenic Games. Although horse racing is often dangerous for both drivers and horses, often seriously injured and even fatal, it is still conducted. In the Roman Empire, making chariots and raising race horses were the major professions. From the middle of the 15th century to 1882, the spring festival in Rome closed with a horse race.
Historically, riders hone their skills through games and races. Equestrian sports entertained the crowd and displayed the excellent horse-riding skills needed in battle. Different forms of competition require the rigorous and technical skills of both horses and riders, leading to the development of specialized horse breed systems and equestrian equipment. The popularity of equestrian sports over the centuries has helped preserve the skills that should have disappeared after the horses were discontinued in combat.
In England, horse racing became popular in the 18th century. King Charles II (1649 – 1685) was a sports enthusiast, setting up the Newmarket racecourse. In 1750, the Jockey Club was founded to control races at Newmarket, set the rules of the game, and prevent fraud. The Epsom Derby began in 1780. The racing system was completed in 1814 with five annual races. The betting system was created for the development of the industry, and for all classes of participants from the poor to the royal. Industries such as breeding, horse racing training have also developed, creating great job opportunities for people.